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Mohenjodaro is situated on the bank of which river?
1. Ravi
2. Jhelum
3. Chenab
4. Indus

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Indus

The correct answer is Indus.

  • Mohenjodaro is situated on the bank of the Indus river.
  • Indus River :
    • The Indus River is one of the main rivers of the Indo-Gangetic Plain in the Indian subcontinent.
    • It flows through the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir and along the length of Pakistan to the Arabian Sea.
    • Originating in the Tibetan Plateau in the vicinity of Lake Manasarovar, the river runs a course through the Ladakh region of India towards Gilgit-Baltistan.
    • Then flows in a southerly direction along the entire length of Pakistan to merge into the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachi in Sindh.
  • Mohenjodaro was discovered in 1922 by R. D. Banerji, an officer of the Archaeological Survey of India.
  • Mohenjodaro was the largest site of the Indus Valley Civilization.
  • Mohenjodaro was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980.
  • Mohenjodaro was contemporary of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Crete, and Norte Chico civilizations.
  • Mohenjodaro meansMound of the Dead Men” in the Sindhi language.

  • Indus Valley Civilisation :
    • Indus civilization, also called Indus valley civilization or Harappan civilization, the earliest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent.
    • The Indus River Valley Civilization is considered a Bronze Age society
    • The nuclear dates of the civilization appear to be about 2500–1700 BCE, though the southern sites may have lasted later into the 2nd millennium BCE.
    • The civilization was first identified in 1921 at Harappa in the Punjab region and then in 1922 at Mohenjo-Daro (Mohenjodaro), near the Indus River in the Sindh region.
    • The Indus civilization is known to have consisted of two large cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, and more than 100 towns and villages, often of relatively small size.
  • Seals found in the Indus Valley Civilisation :
    • Archaeologists have discovered thousands of seals, usually made of steatite, and occasionally of agate, chert, copper, faience, and terracotta, with beautiful figures of animals, such as unicorn bull, rhinoceros, tiger, elephant, bison, goat, buffalo, etc.
  • Harappa was discovered by Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahani in 1920.
  • Dholavira was discovered by J. P. Joshi in 1967-68.
  • Chanhudaro was discovered by N. G. Majumdar in1935-36.

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