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What does infant mortality rate refer to?
1. The ratio of the number of children who die before their fifth birthday out of every 1000 live births.
2. The ratio of the number of children who die before their first birthday out of every 1000 live births.
3. The ratio of the number of children who die before their fifth birthday out of every 100 live births.
4. The ratio of the number of children who die before their first birthday out of every 100 live births.

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : The ratio of the number of children who die before their first birthday out of every 1000 live births.

The correct answer is The ratio of the number of children who die before their first birthday out of every 1000 live births.

  • The infant mortality rate is defined as the ratio of the number of children who die before their first birthday out of every 1000 live births.
  • The infant mortality rate of various Indian States(Per Thousand):
    • Andhra Pradesh - 46
    • Bihar - 48
    • Chhattisgarh - 51
    • Delhi - 30
    • Rajasthan - 55

  • Census of India 2011:
  • Population:
    • India’s total population stands at 1.21 billion, which is 17.7 percent more than the last decade, and the growth of females was higher than that of males.
    • There was an increase of 90.97 million males and an increase of 90.99 million females.
    • The growth rate of females was 18.3 percent which is higher than males — 17.1 percent. India’s population grew by 17.7 percent during 2001-11, against 21.5 percent in the previous decade.
  • Literacy:
    • The literacy rate in India in 2011 has increased by 8 percent to 73 percent in comparison to 64.8 percent in 2001.
    • While the male literacy rate stands at 80.9 percent – which is 5.6 percent more than the previous census, the female literacy rate stands at 64.6 percent — an increase of 10.9 percent in 2001.
  • Density:
    • The density of population in the country has also increased from 325 in 2001 to 382 in 2011 per sq km.
    • Among the major states, Bihar occupies the first position with a density of 1106, surpassing West Bengal which occupied the first position during 2001.
    • Delhi (11,320) turns out to be the most densely inhabited followed by Chandigarh (9,258), among all states and UT’s, both in the 2001 and 2011 Census.
    • The minimum population density works out in Arunachal Pradesh (17) for both the 2001 and 2011 Census.

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