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Which of the following is Endangered species ?
1. Mango
2. Khejdi
3. Indrok
4. Ber

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Indrok

The correct answer is Indrok.

Concept:

Endangered species:

  • Animal or plant species that are likely to become extinct in the near future, either worldwide or in a particular country are called Endangered species.
  • Endangered species are species that are at high risk to get extincted. 
  • This tag is given by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). 
  • These tags are used to identify species which are needed to be protected

Indrok:

  • It is a species of tree found in the deserts of Rajasthan.
  • It is having the scientific name Tecomella undulata 
  • It is an endangered species of tree.
  • It is also known as Rohida whose flower is the state flower of Rajasthan. 

  • Khejdi is the state Tree of Rajasthan. 

IUCN Red List

  • IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, was established on 5 October 1948.
  • The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species founded in 1964, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.

Some of the tags of IUCN are

Categories (IUNC Status) Definition Examples
Extinct (EX) No known individuals remaining

Pink, Head Duck, Indian aurochs

Extinct in wild (EW) Known only to survive in captivity

Alagoas curassow, Beloribitsa

Critically endangered (CR) Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.

Cross River Gorilla, Eastern Lowland Gorilla, Hawksbill, Turtle, Gharial

Endangered (EN) High risk of extinction in the wild

Pygmy Hog, Northern Right Whale, The Vaquita, Amur, Leopard, Lion Tailed Macaque

Vulnerable (VU) High risk of endangerment in the wild.

Nilgiri Marten, Nilgiri Langoor, Marbled cat

Near Threatened (NT) Likely to become endangered in the near future

Przewalski's horse, Humpback whale

Least Concern (LC) Lowest risk

Harp Seal, Giraffe

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