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Which one of the following provides for the complete equality of men and woman in India?
1. Articles 14 and 15 of the Constitution of India
2. Fifth Schedule of the Constitution of India
3. The Indian Independence Act
4. Article 20 of the Constitution of India

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Articles 14 and 15 of the Constitution of India

The correct answer is Articles 14 and 15 of the Constitution of India.

  • The Constitution offers all citizens, individually and collectively, some basic freedoms.
  • Article 12 to 35 contained in Part III of the Constitution deal with Fundamental Rights.
  • These are guaranteed in the Constitution in the form of six broad categories of Fundamental Rights, which are justiciable.
    • Right to Equality (Article 14-18)
    • Right to Freedom (Article 19-22)
    • Right against Exploitation (Article 23-24)
    • Right to Freedom of Religion (Article 25-28)
    • Cultural and Educational Rights (Article 29-30)
    • Right to Constitutional Remedies (Article 32)
  • ​Article 14: Equality before law 
    • The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.
  • Article 15: Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.

  • The Fifth Schedule of the Constitution deals with the administration and control of Scheduled Areas as well as of Scheduled Tribes residing in any State other than the States of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Mizoram.
  • The Indian Independence Act was passed in 1947. 
  • The act created two new independent dominions, India and Pakistan
  • Article 20: Protection in respect of conviction for offenses.

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