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Evaluate the integral: \(\rm \int_1^2 \log x \ dx\).
1. 2 log 2 - 1
2. 2 log 2 + 1
3. 2 log 2 - 3
4. None of these.

1 Answer

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : 2 log 2 - 1

Concept:

Integration by Parts:

∫ f(x) g(x) dx = f(x) ∫ g(x) dx - ∫ [f'(x) ∫ g(x) dx] dx.

Definite Integral:

If ∫ f(x) dx = g(x) + C, then \(\rm ∫_a^b f(x)\ dx = [ g(x)]_a^b\) = g(b) - g(a).

 

Calculation:

Let's first integrate the expression under integral by parts.

I = ∫ log x dx =  ∫ (1)(log x) dx

Considering log x as the first function and 1 as the second function, we get:

= (log x) ∫ 1 dx - ∫ [\(\rm\frac1x\) ∫ 1 dx] dx

= (log x) x - x + C

Putting the limits of the definite integral, we get:

\(\rm ∫_1^2 \log x \ dx\)

\(\rm \left[x(\log x)-x\right]_1^2\)

= (2 log 2 - 2) - (0 - 1)

= 2 log 2 - 1.

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