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After which incident Mahatma Gandhi had called Non-Cooperation Movement as his ‘Himalayan Blunder’?
1. Chauri-Chaura
2. Kheda Satyagraha
3. Nagpur Satyagraha
4. Rajkot Satyagraha

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Chauri-Chaura

The correct answer is Chauri-Chaura.

  • Mahatma Gandhi had called Non-Cooperation Movement his ‘Himalayan Blunder' after the incident of Chauri Chaura.
  • Chauri-Chaura:
    • Chauri Chaura is a town in the Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh.
    • On 4th February 1922, this town witnessed a violent incident. A large crowd of peasants set on fire a police station that killed 22 policemen.
    • Due to this incident, Mahatma Gandhi called off the Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-22).
    • It involved the use of swadeshi and boycott of foreign goods, especially machine-made cloth, and legal, educational, and administrative institutions, "refusing to assist a ruler who misrules".

  • Events and their respective years:-
    • Chauri-Chaura -  4th February, 1922. 
    • Kheda Satyagraha11th March 1918.
    • Nagpur Satyagraha1923.
    • Rajkot Satyagraha7th March 1939.

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