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Bentham and Hooker gave which system of classification?
1. Artificial
2. Natural
3. Phylogenetic
4. Numerical

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Natural

The correct answer is Natural.

  • George Bentham (1800–1884) and Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817–1911) were famous British plant taxonomists.
  • His famous classification method was proposed in the book "Genera Plantarum" published by whom.
  • The Bentham and Hooker method is considered the 'Natural Classification' method.

  • Classification of organisms is done in the hierarchy of the world, Phylum, Class, Order, Genus, and Species.
  • It consists of the highest class 'Kingdom' and the lowest class 'Species'.
    • Kingdom - It is the highest level of classification. There are 5 kingdoms in which the living organisms are classified, namely, Animalia, Plantae, Fungi, Protista, and Monera.
    • Phylum - Organisms in a phylum share a set of characteristics that distinguishes them from organisms in another phylum. In botany, the term division has been used instead of the phylum.
    • Class - Class was the most general rank in the taxonomic hierarchy until phyla were not introduced. Kingdom Animalia includes 108 classes.
    • Order - It constitutes one or more than one similar family.
    • Family - It includes various genera that share a few similarities.
    • Genus - A group of similar species forms a genus.
    • Species - It refers to a group of organisms that are similar in shape, form, reproductive features. There are about 8.7 million different species on earth.

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