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Which Indian state has the largest number of Cotton Textiles Mills?
1. Madhya Pradesh
2. Maharashtra
3. Gujarat
4. West-Bengal
5. None of the above/More than one of the above

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Maharashtra

The correct answer is Maharashtra.

  • Cotton Textile Industry in India:
    • The cotton textile industry is the largest organised modem industry of India.
    • There has been phenomenal growth in this industry during the last four decades.
    • About 16 per cent of the industrial capital and over 20 per cent of the industrial labour of the country is engaged in this industry.
    • Cotton plays an important role in the Indian economy as the country’s textile industry is predominantly cotton based.
    • India is one of the largest producers as well as exporters of cotton yarn.
    • The textile industry is also expected to reach US$ 223 billion by the year 2021.
    • The states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, and Punjab are the major cotton producers in India.
    • There has been phenomenal growth in this industry during the last four decades.
    • About 16 per cent of the industrial capital and over 20 per cent of the industrial labour of the country is engaged in this industry.

  • Present mills centres and their scenario:
    • The industry also tended to shift from areas of high labour cost to those with low labour cost.
    • The labour cost factor played a crucial role in establishing this industry at Madurai, Tirunelveli, and Coimbatore.
    • Gradually industry shifted towards small towns and cities.
    • Example: centres like Coimbatore, Madurai, Bangalore, Nagpur, Indore, Solapur, Vadodara, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Indore, Amritsar.
  • Government Incentives:
    • The cotton textile industry considered highly labour-intensive, beneficial to the village economy and women empowerment.
    • Therefore the government aids them with measures such as the Integrated Village Textile Development scheme and National Silk Yarn Scheme.

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