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A seat of M.P. can be declared vacant if he absents himself from the house for a continuous period of
1. Six months
2. Two months
3. Three months
4. One year
5. None of the above/More than one of the above

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Two months

The correct answer is Two months.

  • A seat of M.P. can be declared vacant if he absents himself from the house for a continuous period of Two months.
  • If for a period of sixty days a member of either House of Parliament is without permission of the House absent from all meetings thereof, the House may declare his seat vacant.
  • Indian Parliament:
    • The Indian Parliament is a bicameral legislature consisting of two houses – the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.
    • The members of the Lok Sabha (House of the People) are directly elected by the people through the voting process.
    • The members of the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) are elected by the members of the states’ legislative assemblies.
    • The Parliament consists of the two Houses and the President of India.

  • Parliamentary System of Government in India:
    • The executive is responsible to the legislature for its policies and acts.
    • The Constitution of India provides for a parliamentary form of government, both at the Centre and in the States.
    • Articles 74 and 75 deal with the parliamentary system of government at the Union level and Articles 163 and 164 contain provisions with regard to the States.
    • The parliamentary system in India is borrowed from the Government of India Act 1935.
  • Elements and Features of Parliamentary System are:
    • Nominal and Real Head:
      • The head of the state holds a ceremonial position and is the nominal executive.
      • For example, the President.
    • The executive is a Part of Legislature:
      • The Executive forms a part of the legislature.
      • In India, the person should be a member of parliament to become a member of the executive.
      • However, the constitution provides that a person can be appointed as a minister for a period of not more than six consecutive months if he is not a member of the parliament, after which the person ceases to be a minister.
    • Majority Party Rule:
      • The party which wins majority seats in the elections of the Lower House forms the government.
      • In India, the President invites the leader of the majority party in Lok Sabha to form the government.
      • The President appoints the leader as the Prime Minister and the other ministers are appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.
      • The President may invite a coalition of parties to form the government, in case, no party has got the majority.

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