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What is the Golden Quadrilateral ?
1. Rail lines joining metros
2. Major Air Routes
3. National Highway Project
4. Gold Trade Routes
5. None of the above/More than one of the above

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : National Highway Project

The correct answer is National Highway Project.

  • Golden Quadrilateral:
    • In 1999, then prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee laid the foundation stone for the GoldenQuadrilateral (GQ) Highway project.
    • The Golden Quadrilateral is the longest road project in India and the fifth-longest highway in the world.
    • It connects four major cities: Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata.
    • The GQ project is managed by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) under the Ministry of Road, Transport and Highways.
    • The Golden Quadrilateral constitutes only the national highways of the country and not state highways and rural-urban roadways. 

  • Impact of Golden Quadrilateral:
    • Provided a huge boost to manufacturing activity and productivity in districts located within 10km of the network.
    • Facilitated the movement of growing young firms out of the congested big cities.
    • 49% overall output increase for the average district located on the Golden Quadrilateral network.
    • Encouraging efficient decentralization by making intermediate cities more attractive to manufacturing entrants.
    • Moderate-density districts—like Surat in Gujarat or Srikakulam in Andhra Pradesh—that border Golden Quadrilateral registered more than 100% increase in new output.
    • Industries showed improved efficiency.
  • Benefits for the country:
    • Provides faster transport networks between major cities and ports.
    • Provides connectivity to major agricultural, industrial, and cultural centres of India.
    • Provides smoother movement of goods and people within the country.
    • Enables industrial development and job creation in smaller towns through access to varied markets.

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