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Who was the first Muslim Conqueror of Bihar?
1. Malik Ibrahim
2. Iltumish
3. Bakhtiyar Khalji
4. Ali Mardan Khalji
5. None of the above/More than one of the above

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Bakhtiyar Khalji

The correct answer is Bakhtiyar Khalji.

  • The first conqueror of Bihar was Mohammed- bin-Bakhtiar Khalji. The Tughluqs and then the Mughals followed the Khaljis.
  • Bakhtiyar Khalji was a Turko-Afghan military general who was the leader of the Muslim conquests of Bihar and Bengal region and later on established himself as their ruler.
  • He captured Bihar in 1200. This made him secure a political post in the court of Delhi.
  • In the same year, he also annexed Bengal.
  • He had massive fights and murdered many Buddhist monks and caused great damage to Buddhist traditions and institutions of higher learning in North India.
  • It is believed that he destroyed Vikramshila University and the Nalanda University of Bihar.
  • Nalanda was the world's first university which was completely destroyed and it had millions of books that were burned.
  • It is believed that the books in this university burned for 3 months.
  • He was assassinated by Ali Mardan in 1206 in Devkot.

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