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The Chittagong Armoury Raid had been planned by:
1. Surya Sen
2. Chandan Dutta
3. Vidhan Ghosh
4. Jatin Das
5. None of the above/More than one of the above

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Surya Sen

The correct answer is Surya Sen.

  • The Chittagong Armoury Raid had been planned by Surya Sen.
  • Chittagong Armoury Raid:
    • The Chittagong armoury raid took place on 18 April 1930 and was an attempt at raiding the armoury of police and auxiliary forces, led by freedom fighter Surya Sen.
    • The volunteers he gathered were part of a revolutionary group of nationalists who believed in using force to fight the British.
    • The original plan was to capture two armouries in Chittagong, subsequently destroying the telegraph and telephone office.
    • The group would then take hostages from the European Club, as most of its members were involved in the colonial government in some form.
    • Amongst these volunteers were two incredible women: Pritilata Waddedar and Kalpana Datta.

  • Surya Sen:
    • Surya Sen, also called Surjya Sen was an Indian revolutionary who was active in the Indian independence movement against British rule in India.
    • In 1918, he was elected as President of the Indian National Congress's Chittagong branch.
    • Sen was known for recruiting a group of young, intense and passionate revolutionaries known as the Chittagong group including Ananta Singh, Ganesh Ghosh and Lokenath Bal, who fought against the British stationed in Chittagong.
    • Surya Sen was a leader among these revolutionaries, a former school teacher fondly known as ‘Master Da’, from Naopoara in Chittagong (in modern-day Bangladesh).
    • His first serious intellectual encounter with the Indian freedom movement came during his stint as an undergraduate at Berhampore College in 1916.
    • Inspired by one of his teachers, he joined the Anushilan Samity, a revolutionary organisation founded by another Bengali revolutionary – Sarat Chandra Basu, which propounded violence as the means for ending British rule in India.
    • He also worked closely with Chittaranjan Das, another freedom fighter who led the Non-Cooperation Movement in Bengal, and a strong advocate of non-violence.
    • While this was going on, the real change came after Sen was arrested for two years from 1926 to 1928 for anti-British activities.

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