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Who became champion of socialism and wanted to overthrow of British rule, Princely states, Landlordism and Capitalism in 1933?
1. Rajendra Prasad
2. Jawaharlal Nehru
3. Bhulabhai Desai
4. Sardar Patel
5. None of the above/More than one of the above

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Jawaharlal Nehru

The correct answer is Jawaharlal Nehru.

  • Jawaharlal Nehru became champion of socialism and wanted to overthrow British rule, Princely states, Landlordism and Capitalism in 1933.
  • In 1933, Jawaharlal Nehru wrote a series of articles under the title 'Bharat kahan'.
  • In which he wrote that why he believes in socialism.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru:
    • Jawaharlal Nehru was an Indian independence activist and, afterwards, the first Prime Minister of India.
    • He emerged as a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement, serving India as Prime Minister from its establishment in 1947 as an independent nation, until his death in 1964.
    • He was better known as Pandit Nehru due to his roots in the Kashmiri Pandit community.
    • Indian children knew him popularly as Chacha Nehru.
    • The son of Swarup Rani and Motilal Nehru, a prolific lawyer and nationalist statesman.
    • Nehru studied at Trinity College, Cambridge and the Inner Temple, where he trained to be a barrister.
    • Upon his comeback to India, he enrolled at the Allahabad High Court and took an interest in national politics.

  • Rajendra Prasad:
    • He was the 1st President of the Republic of India.
    • He was the Agriculture Minister in the Interim Government.
    • Becoming an active journalist in the nationalist interest, he wrote for Searchlight in English, founded and edited the Hindi weekly Desh (“Country”), and started his lifelong campaign to establish Hindi as the national language.
    • Imprisoned several times by the British for noncooperation activities, he served nearly three years (August 1942–June 1945) in jail with the Congress Party’s Working Committee.
  • Bhulabhai Desai:
    • Bhulabhai Desai was an Indian independence activist and acclaimed lawyer.
    • He is well-remembered for his defence of the three Indian National Army soldiers accused of treason during World War II, and for attempting to negotiate a secret power-sharing agreement with Liaquat Ali Khan of the Muslim League.
    • In the year 1945, prevailed a rumour that an alliance had taken place between the Congress and the Muslim League.
    • Particularly Bhulabhai Desai, the leader of the Congress parliamentary party and Liaquat Ali Khan, the de facto leader of the Muslim League assembly party were said to be working in close harmony.
    • Desai met Sir Evan Jenkins, private secretary to the Viceroy on 13th January and on 20th January a meeting was held between Desai and Viceroy.
    • The terms of what later came to be known as the Desai-Liaqat Pact were conveyed to the Viceroy in this meeting.
  • Sardar Patel:
    • Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was the 1st Home Minister of Independent India.
    • He led the Bardoli Satyagraha.
    • He subsequently organised peasants from Kheda, Borsad, and Bardoli in Gujarat in non-violent civil disobedience against the British Raj, becoming one of the most influential leaders in Gujarat.
    • As the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India, Patel organised relief efforts for refugees fleeing to Punjab and Delhi from Pakistan and worked to restore peace.
    • Besides those provinces that had been under direct British rule, approximately 565 self-governing princely states had been released from British suzerainty by the Indian Independence Act of 1947.

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