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Chief Executive Officer of the National Human Rights Commission:
1. Secretary General
2. President
3. Commissioner
4. Vice Chairman

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Secretary General

The Correct answer is Secretary General.

  • Secretary-General of National Human Rights Commission​:
    • The Secretary-General is the Chief Executive Officer of the Commission and the Secretariat of the Commission works under his general supervision.
    • The Secretary-General reports to the Chairman of the National Human Rights Commission.
    • Ravi Kamal Bhargava has taken over as the new Secretary-General of the National Human Rights Commission.
    • He was the 16th Secretary-General of the National Human Rights Commission.
    • Before joining NHRC, R K Bhargava was the Additional Secretary in the Department of Justice, Ministry of Home Affairs.

  • National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) :
    • NHRC is a Statutory public body.
    • The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India was established on October 12, 1993.
    • The statute under which it is established is the Protection of Human Rights Act (PHRA), 1993 as amended by the Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Act, 2006.
    • It is in conformity with the Paris Principles, adopted at the first international workshop on national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights held in Paris in October 1991, and endorsed by the General Assembly of the United Nations by its Regulations 48/134 of December 20, 1993.
    • The NHRC is an embodiment of India’s concern for the promotion and protection of human rights.
    • Section 2(1)(d) of the PHRA defines Human Rights as the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants and enforceable by courts in India.
    •  The functions of the Commission as stated in Section 12 of the Act and apart from enquiry into complaints of violation of human rights or negligence in the prevention of such violation by a public servant, the Commission also studies treaties and international instruments on human rights and make recommendations for their effective implementation to the Government.
    • Retired Supreme Court Chief Justice was normally appointed as the Chairman of the National Human Rights Commission.
    • The Chairman and members of NHRC are appointed by the President of India on the recommendation of a committee headed by the Prime Minister.
    • The retirement age of the NHRC chairman is 70 years.
    • Chairman, NHRC: H.L. Dattu.
    • First Chairman: Ranganath Mishra.
    • Headquarters: Sardar Patel Bhawan, New Delhi.

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