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Who is known as the Prophet of Indian Nationalism?
1. Rajaram Mohan Roy
2. Rabindranath Tagore
3. Mahatma Gandhi
4. Jawaharlal Nehru

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Rajaram Mohan Roy

The Correct answer is Rajaram Mohan Roy.

  • Rajaram Mohan Roy:
    • Ram Mohan Roy is considered the Prophet of Nationalism.
    • He is a tireless social reformer who inaugurated the age of enlightenment and liberal reformist modernization in India.
    • Raja Ram Mohan Roy is known as the father of Indian Nationalism.
    • He was called as The Father of the Indian Renaissance and the Prophet of Indian Nationalism.
    • Ram Mohan Roy was given the title of ‘Raja’ by the titular Mughal Emperor of Delhi, Akbar II.
    • Raja Rammohan Roy started the first Bengali language weekly newspaper (Sambad Koumudi )and also the first newspaper in the Indian language
    • Roy set up the Vedanta College to spread his teachings of Hindu monotheism.
    • Gopal Krishna Gokhale called Roy the ‘Father of Modern India’.


  • Mahatma Gandhi:
    • He was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar.
    • He was a politician, lawyer, writer, and social activist.
    • Real name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
    • His father's name was Karamchand Gandhi, who was the dewan of Porbandar in Gujarat and Putlibai Gandhi was the mother of Mahatma Gandhi.
    • Kasturba Gandhi was known as the wife of Mahatma Gandhi.
    • He introduced non-violence tactics called Satyagraha against the British.
    • His first satyagraha was Champaran Satyagraha in 1917.
    • He was known as the father of the Nation, because of his contributions to the Indian Independence Movement
    • Khilafat movement, Non-cooperation movement, the Salt March, and quit India movement are the most popular movements of Mahatma Gandhi initiated during the fighting for freedom.
    • Rabindranath Tagore called him Mahatma
    • Autobiography: My experiments with the truth.
    • He was assassinated on January 30, 1948.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru:
    • Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India.
    • He was born on November 14, 1889, in Allahabad.
    • November 14 is celebrated as Children's Day in India.
    • He is the Prime Minister who has had the longest term in office.
    • He served as the prime minister of India from 15th August 1947 to 1964.
    • He is the architect of the Preamble of the Indian constitution.
    • He was the Prime Minister of India during the Indo-China war in 1962.
    • He served as the first chairman of the planning commission of India.
    • He was honoured with the Bharat Ratna in 1955.
    • The name Panchayati raj was given by Jawaharlal Nehru.
    • National herald is the newspaper started by Jawaharlal Nehru.
    • He is the first prime minister to die in harness.
    • Glimpses of the world, Discovery of India are the famous works of Nehru.
    • Discovery of India Deals with history, uniqueness, features of our country India.
    • Shantivan is the cremation ground of Jawaharlal Nehru.
    • He died on May 27, 1964, in New Delhi​​ 
  • Rabindranath Tagore:
    • He was an Indian Poet, writer, painter, composer and social reformer.
    • He was born on May 7, 1861, in Calcutta.
    • He was the first Asian who received Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913.
    • His work Geetanjali got the Nobel Prize.
    • He was credited for writing our National Anthem Jana Gana Mana.
    • He was also written the National Anthem of Bangladesh. ( Amar Shonar Bangla).
    • Chandalika was a famous play of Rabindranath Tagore.
    • Rabindranath Tagore returned 'the sir' (Knighthood) award to the British government in 1919 to protest against the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in which 379 innocent people died at the hands of the British army. 
    • He founded Vishwa Bharathi, Oldest central university.
    • Rabindranath Tagore gave the title of Mahatma to M K Gandhi.
    • He died on August 7, 1941, in Calcutta.

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