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Which one of the following segments of population is not included in the scheme of inclusive developments?
1. Marginal farmers
2. Landless agricultural labours
3. Scheduled Castes / Scheduled Tribes
4. People living in semi - urban areas

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : People living in semi - urban areas

The correct answer is People living in semi-urban areas.

  • People living in semi-urban areas are not included in the scheme of inclusive developments.
  • Inclusive developments:
    • Inclusive growth means economic growth that creates employment opportunities and helps in reducing poverty.
    • It means having access to vital services in health and education by the poor.
    • It comprises of providing equality of opportunity, empowering people through education and skill development.
    • It also encompasses a development process that is environment-friendly growth, aims for good governance and helps in the creation of a gender-sensitive society.
    • As per OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development), inclusive growth is economic growth that is distributed fairly across society and creates opportunities for all.
  • Measures Taken India to Achieve Inclusive Growth
    • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act Scheme (MGNREGA)
    • Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP)
    • Mudra Bank scheme
    • Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY)
    • Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana- National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM)
    • Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA)
    • National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)
    • Bharat Nirman
    • Swachh Bharat Mission
    • Mission Ayushman
    • Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana


  • NITI Aayog's Strategy for New India @75 has the following objectives for inclusive growth:
    • To have a rapid growth, which reaches 9-10% by 2022-23, which is inclusive, clean, sustained and formalized.
    • To Leverage technology for inclusive, sustainable and participatory development by 2022-23.
    • To have an inclusive development in the cities to ensure that urban poor and slum dwellers including recent migrants can avail city services.
    • To make schools more inclusive by addressing the barriers related to the physical environment (e.g. accessible toilets), admission procedures as well as curriculum design.
    • To make higher education more inclusive for the most vulnerable groups.
    • To provide quality ambulatory services for an inclusive package of diagnostic, curative, rehabilitative and palliative care, close to the people.
    • To prepare an inclusive policy framework with citizens at the center.

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