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The system of Indian democracy is ____________
1. By-party and Parliamentary in nature
2. Multi-party and Parliamentary in nature
3. Presidential form of Government
4. None of the above

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Multi-party and Parliamentary in nature

The correct answer is Multi-Party and Parliamentary in nature.

  • India is the parliamentary Democratic Republic.
  • It is multi-party and parliamentary in nature. 
  • The election commission recognizes and registers multi parties to participate in a democratic form of government.
  • Various National Parties, State Regional Parties, and other marginal parties simultaneously participate in the formation of government in the country.
  • The government at the Center as well as States is formed by the majority party and in case of no clear majority of a single party, the coalition government is formed which comprises of multiple parties.
  • Presently there are 8 recognized national parties with reserved symbols, which are as follows:-
    • Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) - Elephant
    • Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) - Lotus
    • Communist Party of India (CPI) -  Ears of Corn and Sickle
    • Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM) - Hammer, Sickle, and Star
    • Indian National Congress (INC)  -  Hand
    • Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) -  Clock
    • All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) - Flowers and Grass
    • National People’s Party (NPP) -  Book

  • Parliamentary Nature of India
    • In India, the President is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government.
    • Parliament comprises Lok Sahba, Rajya Sabha, and the President of India.
    • India follows the dual polity system, which consists of the central authority at the center and states at the periphery.
    • In India, there is a provision for a bicameral legislature consisting of an upper house
      • The Rajya Sabha, which represents the states of the Indian federation, and
      • A lower house, the Lok Sabha, represents the people of India as a whole.

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