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Consider the following statements related to integrated Low Cost Sanitation (ILCS) scheme:

I. The system is funded on sharing basis.

II. Central subsidy is 75 percent.

III. State subsidy is 25 percent.

Of these, the correct statements are:

1. I and II only
2. II and III only
3. I and III only
4. I, II and III all

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : I and II only

The correct answer is I and II only.

  • Integrated Low-Cost Sanitation (ILCS) Scheme is a centrally sponsored scheme.
  • The scheme is funded on sharing basis between the centre and the state. Hence statement 1st is correct.
  • Objective:
    • To convert the existing dry latrines into pour flush latrines.
    • To construct new latrines, where there are no latrines.
  • Historical Background:
    • ​It was initially started by the Ministry of Home Affairs in the year 1960-61 and transferred to the Ministry of Welfare.
    • It was transferred to the Ministry of Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation in the year 1989-90.
    • In 2003-04, it was transferred to the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation.

  • Under the scheme:
    • Central subsidy: 75%. Hence statement 2nd is correct.
    • State subsidy: 15%. Hence statement 3rd is incorrect.
    • Beneficiary share: 10%
  • The guidelines of the scheme were again revised in the year 2008.
  • The year 2009-10 was aimed to be the last year of this scheme.
  • Around 28 lakh latrines were constructed or converted to liberate 60000 scavengers.
  • It was reported that the states of Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Nagaland, and Assam have zero dry latrines.
  • The four states in India are remaining who need to address this issue. They are Bihar, Uttarkhand, Jammu and Kashmir, and Uttar Pradesh.

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