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Partition of Bengal was withdrawn in
1. 1905
2. 1906
3. 1911
4. 1909

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : 1911

The correct answer is 1911.

  • The Partition of Bengal was withdrawn in 1911
  • The partition of Bengal was announced on 19 July 1905 by Lord Curzon who was the then viceroy of India and was implemented on 16 October 1905.
  • After the Battle of Buxar, Bengal comprised present-day Bihar, West Bengal, Bangladesh, Odisha, and Assam, and the population increased to around 80 million.
  • Britishers were facing several difficulties in administering such a large area and they felt that the regions of Bengal lacked in education, industry, and employment, and most of the focus got centred on Calcutta only.
  • Lord Curzon proposed to partition Bengal as an administrative measure only.
  • As per his partition, the two provinces would be Eastern Bengal and Assam and Bengal will include modern Odisha, Bihar, and West Bengal.
  • The people of Bengal regarded this as an insult to their motherland and they thought that the British laws were trying to separate Bengalis.
  • Surendranath Banerjee along with Krishna Kumar Mitra led the movement against this partition in 1905.
  • They suggested that non-Bengali speaking states Bihar and Orissa should be separated from Bengal rather than dividing the Bengali speaking community into two parts. 
  • The Swadeshi movement, begun in 1906 by Indian nationals opposed to the Partition of Bengal, was one of the most successful movements against British rule.

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