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Which of the following countries has the highest Anthracite Coal reserves?


1. Russia
2. U.S.A.
3. China
4. U.K.

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : U.S.A.

The correct answer is USA.

  • Anthracite is the most metamorphosed type of coal.
  • Anthracite has a carbon content above 90%  and is also called Kilkenny coal or craw coal.
  • The United States of America is the top country by reserves of anthracite and bituminous coal in the world.
  • As of 2019, reserves of anthracite and bituminous coal in the United States of America were 219,534 million tons that account for 29.75% of the world's reserves of anthracite and bituminous coal.
  • The top 5 countries (others are China, India, Australia, and Russian Federation) account for 81.07% of it.
  • The world's total reserves of anthracite and bituminous coal were estimated at 737,853 million tons in 2019.

  • There are four types of coal-
    • Anthracite- has carbon content above 90% and very little volatile matter. It is the hardest and best quality of coal.
    • Bituminous has a carbon content of 40-80% and has a very high calorific value with volatile content of 15-40%.
    • Lignite- It is brown coal with 40-55% carbon and it undergoes spontaneous combustion.
    • Peat- It is the first stage of transformation and contains less than 40-50% carbon content.

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