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The riot of 1857 is known as?
1. Sepoy riot
2. Battle of Plassey
3. Battle of Buxar
4. Santal riot

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Sepoy riot

The Correct answer is Sepoy riot.

  • Sepoy riot:
    • It is commonly known as the First War of Indian Independence or Sepoy Mutiny.
    • The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown.
    • The First War of Indian Independence was started at Meerut in 1857.
    • It was called The First War of Indian Independence by V.D Savarkar.
    • He authored a book called ‘The History of the War of Indian Independence’ in which he stated his views and announced the mutiny as the First War of Indian Independence.
    • Benjamin Disraeli called this revolt as Sepoy Mutiny.
    • Lord Canning (1856-1862) was the Governor-General of India/ Viceroy of India during this revolt.
    • The immediate reason for Sepoy MutinyThe mutiny broke out in the Bengal army because it was only in the military sphere that Indians were organized. The pretext for revolt was the introduction of the new Enfield rifle. To load it, the sepoys had to bite off the ends of lubricated cartridges.
    • Leaders of 1857 Revolt
      • Mangal Pandey who led the revolt from Barrackpore was the first martyr of the 1857 revolt.
      • Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah II led the revolt from Delhi.
      • Kunwar Singh led the revolt from Bihar.
      • Beegum Hazrat Mahal led the revolt from Lucknow.
      • Nana Saheb led the revolt from Kanpur.
      • Jhansi Rani led the revolt from Jhansi
      • Tantia Tope led the revolt from Gwalior

  • Battle of Plassey:
    • Battle of Plassey was fought between Siraj-ud-daulah, Nawab of Bengal and the British Army under Robert Clive.
    • It was fought in June 1757 at Palashi, Bengal.
    • This battle laid the foundation of the British empire in India.
  • ​Battle of Buxar.
    • The battle of Buxar was fought in October 1764.
    • It was fought between the Britishers and the alliance of Shah Alam II, Mir Qasim, and Nawab of Awadh in 1764 AD.
    • Hector Munro led the British East India Company.
  • Santal riot:
    • On July 7, 1855 CE, a huge number of Santhals assembled in a field in Bhognadih village.
    • They declared themselves free and took an oath under the leadership of Sidhu Murmu and Kanhu Murmu to fight till their last breath against the British and their agents.
    • This act of the Santhals sent alarm bells ringing and the British sent a police agent who tried to arrest the brothers. The Santhals reacted violently to this and killed the police agent and his companions.
    • This triggered a series of conflicts between the English East India Company’s army and the Santhals leading to a full-fledged war.
    • The Santhals captured a large tract of land extending from the Rajmahal Hills (in Jharkhand) to the Bhagalpur district (in Bihar) to Birbhum (in West Bengal).

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