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Consider the following statements:

1. If y = ln (sec x + tan x), then \(\rm \frac {dy}{dx} = \sec x\).

2. If y = ln (cosec x - cot x), then \(\rm \frac {dy}{dx} = cosec\;x\).

Which of the above is / are correct?


1. 1 only
2. 2 only
3. Both 1 and 2
4. Neither 1 nor 2
5. None of these

1 Answer

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Best answer
Correct Answer - Option 3 : Both 1 and 2

Concept:

y = ln x then \(\rm \frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{1}{x}\)

\(\rm y = tan\;x \; then\; \frac{dy}{dx} = sec^2\;x\)

\(\rm y = sec\;x \; then\; \frac{dy}{dx} = sec\;x.tan\;x\)

\(\rm y = cosec\;x \; then\; \frac{dy}{dx} = -cosec\;x.cot\;x\)

\(\rm y = cot\;x \; then\; \frac{dy}{dx} = cosec^2\;x\)

 

Calculations:

Let, y = ln (sec x + tan x)

\(\rm\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{1}{sec\;x+tan\;x}\times (sec\;x.tan\;x + sec^2\;x)\)

\(\rm\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{sec\;x}{sec\;x+tan\;x}\times (tan\;x + sec\;x)\)

\(\rm\frac{dy}{dx} = sec\;x\)

Statement (1) is true.

Now,  

y = ln (cosec x - cot x),

\(\rm\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{1}{cosec\;x-cot\;x}\times (-cosec\;x.cot\;x +co sec^2\;x)\)

\(\rm\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{cosec\;x}{cosec\;x-cot\;x}\times (cosec\;x. - cot\;x )\)

\(\rm\frac{dy}{dx} = {cosec\;x}\)

Statement (2) is true.

 

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