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Which of the following is NOT true regarding passive electronic components?
1. Passive components cannot control the flow of electric current through a circuit but can limit the flow of electric current.
2. Passive components do not depend upon the external source of energy or voltage to perform a specific operation.
3. Passive components temporarily store the electrical energy in the form of static electric field or magnetic field.
4. Passive components can amplify or increase the power of electrical signal.

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Passive components can amplify or increase the power of electrical signal.

Analysis:-

Passive electronic components:

  • These components can either dissipate, absorb or store energy in the form of an electric field or magnetic field.
  • They cannot control the flow of electric current through a circuit but can limit the flow of electric current.
  • As per the name they do not provide gain or amplification of an electrical signal.
  • They do not depend upon the external source of energy or voltage to perform a specific operation.

           Examples- Resistors, Capacitors, Inductors, and Transformers.

Active electronic components:

  • These components supply energy to the circuits.
  • They are capable of amplifying an electrical signal and produce power.

           Examples- Transistors, diodes, MOSFETs, etc.

So, from the above discussion, we can say the incorrect statement regarding passive electronic components is option 4.

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