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The power of supervision of state government employees on deputation to Zilla Panchayats rests with _____.

1. District Collector
2. State Government Departments
3. Zilla Panchayat CEO
4. Janpad Panchayat

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : State Government Departments

 The correct answer is State Government Departments

  • Local government is a state subject in the Constitution, and consequently, the devolution of power and authority to panchayats has been left to the discretion of states.
  • Some of the important subjects like fuel and fodder, non-conventional energy sources, rural electrification including distribution of electricity, non-formal education, small scale industries including food processing industries, technical training, and vocational education have not been devolved in certain states.

  • Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRI) as units of local government have been in existence in India for a long time, in one form or another.
  • However, it was only in 1992, on the recommendations of the LM Singhvi Committee (1986), that it was granted constitutional status as the third level of India’s federal democracy through the 73rd Amendment Act.
  • The primary objective of establishing the third tier of the government (PRI) is to increase democratic participation, to better articulate local needs and priorities, and to ensure more efficient use of local resources along with greater accountability and transparency.
  • The PRI system generally consists of three-level- Gram Panchayat at the village level, Block Panchayat or Panchayat Samiti at the intermediate level and Zilla Panchayat at the district level.
  • This scheme of the PRI system increases cooperation among people, democratic participation and decentralization.

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