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What percentage of seats are reserved for women in Panchayati Raj institutions ?
1. 25%
2. 33%
3. 30%
4. 50%

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : 33%

The correct answer is 33%.

  • Clause (3) of Article 243D of the Constitution ensures participation of women in Panchayati Raj Institutions by mandating not less than one-third reservation(33%) for women out of a total number of seats to be filled by direct election and number of offices of chairpersons of Panchayats.
  • Seats at all levels to be filled by direct elections Article 243C (2).
  • Seats reserved for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) and the chairpersons of the Panchayats at all levels also shall be reserved for SCs and STs in proportion to their population.
  • One-third of the seats reserved for SCs and STs also reserved for women.
  • One-third of the offices of chairpersons at all levels reserved for women (Article 243D).

​ 

  • Panchayati Raj Institutions as units of local government have been in existence in India for a long time, in different permutations and combinations.
    • However, it was only in 1992 that it was officially established by the Indian Constitution as the third level of India’s federal democracy through the 73rd Amendment Act.
  • The Panchayati Raj Institution (PRI) consists of three levels:
    • Gram Panchayat at the village level
    • Block Panchayat or Panchayat Samiti at the intermediate level
    • Zilla Panchayat at the district level
  • 74th Amendment provides for a District Planning Committee to consolidate the plans prepared by Panchayats and Municipalities (Article 243ZD).
  • Budgetary allocation from State Governments, share of revenue of certain taxes, collection and retention of the revenue it raises, Central Government programmes and grants, Union Finance Commission grants (Article 243H).

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