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By which Constitutional Amendment, the subject of ‘Education’ was transferred from State list to concurrent list?
1. 5th
2. 9th
3. 42nd
4. 44th

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : 42nd

The Correct Answer is 42nd.

  • The 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 moved five subjects from the State to the Concurrent List. 
  • They are: 
    • Education
    • Forests
    • Weights & Measures
    • Protection of Wild Animals and Birds
    • Administration of Justice

  • The Concurrent List, also known as List-III (Seventh Schedule), is a list of 52 items included in the Seventh Schedule of the Indian Constitution (though the last subject is numbered 47).
  • It has the ability to be taken into account by both the federal and state governments. Union List, State List, and Concurrent List are the three lists that make up the legislative portion.
  • In contrast to the federal governments of the United States, Switzerland, and Australia, the Union Government retains residual powers, as does the federal government of Canada.

  • The 42nd Amendment changed India's designation from "sovereign democratic republic" to "sovereign, socialist secular democratic republic," as well as the terms "unity of the nation" to "unity and integrity of the nation."
  • The 42nd amendment also called the Forty-Second Amendment Act, 1976, was passed by the Indian National Congress government led by Indira Gandhi during the Emergency (25 June 1975 – 21 March 1977).

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