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Which of the following Article of the Indian Constitution guarantees complete equality of men and women?
1. Article 14
2. Article 21
3. Article 18
4. Article 15

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Article 14

The correct answer is Article 14.

  • Within India's jurisdiction, Article 14 of the Constitution guarantees equality before the law or equal protection under the law.
  • It states:
    • "On the territory of India, the State shall not deny any individual equality before the law or equal protection under the law."
  • Article 14 allows classification as long as it is reasonable,' but class legislation is prohibited.

  

Six fundamental rights are recognized by the Indian constitution.

  • Under Part-III (article 12 - 35) of the constitution, every citizen has provided 6 fundamental rights.
  • A total of seven rights were originally provided by the Constitution.
  • 44th amendment (1978 A.D.) removed the right to property and made a legal right (300A).
  • The fundamental rights secure the natural rights of all citizens and it was taken from the constitution of the U.S.A.
Fundamental Right Article
Right to equality  (14 - 18)
Right to freedom  (19 - 22)
Right against exploitation  (23 - 24)

Right to freedom of religion

(25 - 28)
Cultural and educational rights  (29 - 30)
Right to constitutional remedies  (32)

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