Correct Answer - Option 2 : Badami
The correct answer is Badami.
The Chalukya dynasty was established by Pulakeshin I in 543.
Pulakeshin I took Vatapi (modern Badami in Bagalkot district, Karnataka) under his control and made it his capital.
Pulakeshin I and his descendants are referred to as "Chalukyas of Badami".
- They ruled over an empire that comprised the entire state of Karnataka and most of Andhra Pradesh in the Deccan.
The earliest dynasty, known as the "Badami Chalukyas", ruled from Vatapi (modern Badami) from the middle of the 6th century.
Indian Dynasties and their Capitals:
- Shishunaga - Rajgir
- Nanda - Patiliputra
- Pallavas - Kanchipuram
- Maurya - Patiliputra
- Khilji - Delhi
- Lodhi - Delhi
- Mughal - Delhi