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Who is the protagonist of Chipko Movement?
1. Medha Patkar
2. M.S. Swaminathan
3. Sunderlal Bahuguna
4. Chandi Prasad Bhatt

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Sunderlal Bahuguna

The correct answer is Sundarlal Bahuguna.

  • Chipko movement was a forest conservation movement that began in 1973 in Uttrakhand.
  • Sundarlal Bahuguna was the leader of the Chipko Movement.
  • Chipko-type movements date back to 12 September 1730 AD when in village Prasanna Khamkar of Rajasthan, 363 Bishnois sacrificed their lives to save Khejri trees.

  • Some major Environment movements in India are as follows-
    • Khejadali Movement of Rajasthan under the leadership of Amrita Devi.
    • Chipko Movement of 1973 in Uttrakhand under the leadership of Mr. Bahuguna.
    • Jungle Bachao Movement of 1982 under tribals of Singhbhum to protect sal forest of Jharkhand area.
    • Appiko Movement- of 1983 under Pandurang Hedge. It was against the felling and commercialization of natural forests and the ruin of ancient livelihood. It happened in Karnataka. 

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