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Who has the power to ban sewerage flow on to the public roads and to improve the sanitary conditions in any area of the village?
1. Panchayat Secretary
2. Sarpanch
3. Gram Panchayat
4. Gram Sabha

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Gram Panchayat

The correct answer is Gram Panchayat.

  • Duty of Gram Panchayat to Provide for Certain Matters:
    • The construction, repair, and maintenance of all buildings vested in the Gram Panchayat and of all public roads in the village (other than the roads vested in the Mandal Parishad and Zilla Parishad and the roads classified by the Government as National and State Highways) and of all bridges, culverts, road dams and causeways on such roads;
    • The lighting of public roads and public places.
    • The construction of drains and their maintenance and the disposal of drainage water and sullage;
    • The cleaning of streets, the removal of rubbish heaps, jungle growth and prickly-pear, filling in of the disused wells, unsanitary ponds, pools, ditches, pits or hollows, and other improvements of the sanitary condition of the village. Hence option 3 is correct.
    • The provision of public latrines and arrangements to clean latrines, whether public or private;
    • The opening and maintenance of cremation and burial grounds, and the disposal of unclaimed dead bodies of human beings or animals.
    • Preventive and remedial measures are connected with any epidemic or with malaria.
    • The sinking and repairing of wells, the excavation, repair, and maintenance of ponds or tanks and the construction and maintenance of waterworks, for the supply of water for washing and bathing purposes and of protected water for drinking purposes;
    • The conservation of manurial resources, preparation of compost, and sale of manure;
    • The registration of births and deaths.
    • The establishment and maintenance of cattle ponds.

  • Sarpanch: A sarpanch or gram pradhan or mukya is a decision-maker, elected by the village-level constitutional body of local self-government called the Gram Sabha (village government) in India.
  • The sarpanch, together with other elected panchayat members (referred to as commissioners or a panch), constitute the gram panchayat.
  • Panchayat Secretary: The Panchayat is chaired by the president of the village, known as a Sarpanch.
  • The term of the elected representatives is five years.
  • The Secretary of the Panchayat is a non-elected representative, appointed by the state government, to oversee Panchayat activities.
  • Gram Sabha: Gram Sabha is the primary body of the Panchayati Raj system and by far the largest.
  • It is a permanent bodyGram Sabha is the Sabha of the electorate.
  • All other institutions of the Panchayati Raj like the Gram Panchayat, Block Panchayat, and Zilla Parishad are constituted by elected representatives.

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