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Which type of soil dominates Andhra Pradesh?
1. Red soil
2. Black soil
3. Alluvial soil
4. All of the above

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Red soil

The correct answer is Red soil.

Red soil dominates Andhra Pradesh.

  • Andhra Pradesh is endowed with a variety of soils ranging from poor coastal sands to highly fertile deltaic alluviums.
  • Red soils occupy over 66% of the cultivated area and are mostly situated in Rayalaseema districts. 
  • These soils have a low nutrient status.
  • Red earth which is commonly termed as Red soils can be sub-classified as
    • Dubba soils (loamy sands to sandy loams)
    • Chalkas (Sandy loam soils)
    • Sandy clay loams
    • Loams including silty soils
    • Deep loamy sands
    • Sandy loams with clay sub-soil.
  • Chalk occurs mostly in the Telangana districts while red loams combined with sands are present in the upland regions of coastal districts.

  • Black soils
    • It covers nearly 25% of the cultivated area and is generally associated with poor drainage.
    • They are also called as
      • Regurs
      • Vertisols

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