Correct Answer - Option 1 : Red soil
The correct answer is Red soil.
Red soil dominates Andhra Pradesh.
- Andhra Pradesh is endowed with a variety of soils ranging from poor coastal sands to highly fertile deltaic alluviums.
Red soils occupy over 66% of the cultivated area and are mostly situated in Rayalaseema districts.
- These soils have a low nutrient status.
- Red earth which is commonly termed as Red soils can be sub-classified as
- Dubba soils (loamy sands to sandy loams)
- Chalkas (Sandy loam soils)
- Sandy clay loams
- Loams including silty soils
- Deep loamy sands
- Sandy loams with clay sub-soil.
- Chalk occurs mostly in the Telangana districts while red loams combined with sands are present in the upland regions of coastal districts.
- It covers nearly 25% of the cultivated area and is generally associated with poor drainage.
- They are also called as