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Which one of the following scientists is known as the father of genetics?
1. Gregor Mendel
2. Charles Darwin
3. Hargobind Khorana
4. T. H. Morgan

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Gregor Mendel

The correct answer is Gregor Mendel.

  • Gregor Mendel is considered the father of genetics
  • Genetics is the branch of biology that studies the genesvariation in genes, and heredity in living organisms.
  • Genes are small units of DNA, which contain instructions for how to make proteins.
    • Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) contains all of the information necessary to build and maintain an organism.
    • Whenever organisms reproduce, a portion of their DNA is passed along to their offspring.
  • We get 23 chromosomes from our mother and 23 from our father.
    • A chromosome contains many genes.

  • Charles Darwin is considered the father of evolution.
  • Har Gobind Khorana won the 1968 Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine for cracking the genetic code.
  • Thomas Hunt Morgan was an American evolutionary biologist 
    • He showed that genes are linked in a series of chromosomes and are responsible for identifiable, hereditary traits.

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