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The Khilafat movement was led by ______. 
1. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
2. Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali
3.  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
4. Syed Ahmad Khan

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali

The correct answer is Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali.

  • A campaign in defence of the caliphate was launched, led in India by the brothers Shaukat and Muḥammad ʿAlī and by Abul Kalam Azad.
  • The leaders joined forces with Mahatma Gandhi's non-cooperation movement for Indian freedom, promising nonviolence in return for his support of the Khilafat movement.
  • The Khilafat movement, also known as the Indian Muslim movement (1919–24), was a pan-Islamist political protest campaign launched by Muslims of British India.
  • The Khilafat Movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi along with Shaukat Ali and his brother. 

  • The Khilafat word had been derived from the Arabic word Khalifa.
  • Khalifa means the Supreme leader of the Islamic world.
  • Gandhi Ji gave a deadline to Britishers to take back the post of Khalifa otherwise he would start the Non-Corporation movement.

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