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In which year did Sir John Marshall establish an archaeological museum which was later transformed into the present site museum at Sanchi?
1. 1919
2. 1900
3. 1909
4. 1920

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : 1919

The correct answer is 1919.

  • Sir John Marshall established an archaeological museum in 1919, which was later transformed into the present site museum at Sanchi.

  •  Marshall was educated at Dulwich College as well as King's College, Cambridge.
    • In 1898 he won the Porson Prize.
    • In 1902 he was appointed Director-General of Archaeology by Lord Curzon within the British Indian administration, and modernised the approach to archaeology on that continent, introducing a programme of cataloguing and conservation of ancient monuments and artefacts.
    • It was thanks to Marshall that Indians were allowed for the first time to participate in excavations in their own country.
    • In 1913, he began the excavations at Taxila, which lasted for twenty years.
    • He laid the foundation stone for the Taxila museum in 1918.

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