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Which one of the following is not a type of insight according to the three-process view of problem solving?
1. Selective encoding
2. Selective comparison
3. Selective storage
4. Selective combination

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Selective storage

The correct answer is Selective Storage.

  • The Three-Process View of Problem-solving is coined by Janet E Davidson and Robert Sternberg.
  • According to them, there are three types of Insights:
    • Selective Encoding:
      • It involves the process of selecting irrelevant information as relevant and relevant information as irrelevant for problem-solving.
      • It involves restructuring one's mental representation.
      • It is a process of choosing what is important and what is irrelevant to the problem.
    • Selective Combination:
      • It deals with identifying a problem through understanding the different assumptions or alternatives.
      • Then, combining these alternatives together, resulting in the change in the solver's mental representation.
    • Selective Comparison:
      • It deals with discovering information between the acquired information and past experiences.
      • In this, analogies, metaphors, and models are used to solve the problem.
      • Here, the solver uses this information to form a mental representation based on the similarities of acquired information and past experiences.
  • Selective encoding, Selective Combination, and Selective Comparison form the basis of Insightful thinking.

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