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The Viceroy who has been called as 'Father of Local Self-Government' in India

1. Lord Curzon
2. Lord Ripon
3. Lord Canning.
4. Lord Lytton

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Lord Ripon

The correct solution is Lord Ripon.

  • The Viceroy Lord Ripon has been called as 'Father of Local Self-Government' in India. 
    • He formulated the local self-government and laid the foundations of representative institutions in India. 
    • William Gladstone appointed Lord Ripon as the Viceroy of India in 1880. 
    • His first act was the introduction of the IIberlt Bill which would have granted Indians more legal rights including the right of Indian judges to judge Europeans in court. 
    • In Lord Ripon's tenure,the Local self-Government resolution was passed.
    • It was not an Act but a resolution by the government in the year 1882.
    •  The Financial liberalization that started under Lord Mayo (1869-1872) was continued by Lord Ripon.
    • The resolution helped to establish Local Boards with non-Official members at the provincial level and it was the basis of modern-day municipalities in this country.
    • The Factory Act: The first factory was passed by Lord Ripon. The act prohibited the working of children below seven years and a limited number of working hours for children below 12 years.
    • Lord Ripon appointed an education commissioner under the chairmanship of Sir William Hunter.
    • He also increased age requirement for civil services from 18 years to 21 years which were reduced by Lord Lytton (1876-1880) from 21 years to 18 years.

  • In January 1899 Lord Curzon was appointed Viceroy of India.
    • ​He was reappointed Governor-General in August 1904, he presided over the 1905 partition of Bengal.
    • He became the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in 1919.
    • MacDonnell Commission was appointed by Lord Curzon in 1901 and it submitted its report in the same year.
  • ​​Lord Canning, One of his first acts was to pass the Hindu Widows’ Remarriage Act, 1856 (passed on July 16, 1856) which was drafted by his predecessor Lord Dalhousie.
  • Lytton’s tenure as viceroy was marked by ruthlessness in both domestic and foreign affairs.
    • Lord Lytton served as the Ambassador to France from 1887 to 1891.

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