Correct Answer - Option 4 : Robert Clive
The correct answer is Robert clive.
Robert Clive fought against the Nawab of Bengal during the Battle of Plassey. Major-General Robert Clive is also known as Clive of India, was the first British Governor of the Bengal Presidency.
- The Battle of Plassey was a decisive victory of the British East India Company over the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies on 23 June 1757, under the leadership of Robert Clive.
- In his first governorship (1755–60), he won the Battle of Plassey and became master of Bengal.
- He is also known as “Clive of India”.
- The Battle of Plassey was fought in north-eastern India on 23 June 1757. The troubles between Siraj-Ud-Daulah and British led to the battle of Plassey. So this is the main reason that the battle of Plassey famous in the history of India.
- Warren Hastings was the first Governor of the Presidency of Fort William, the head of the Supreme Council of Bengal.
- The Regulating Act of 1773 was passed during his term.
- Hastings abolished the Dual System that had been established by Robert Clive. In the Dual System, the company had Diwani rights (rights to collect revenue) and the Nizam or Indian chiefs had the administrative authority.
Lord Cornwallis was a British army officer, administrator, and diplomat who had previously served his country during the War of American Independence.
- He established of Permanent Settlement and the Introduction of civil services.
- Lord Dalhousie was Governor-General of India from 1848 to 1856. He introduced the Doctrine of Lapse policy which turned out to be one of the major causes of the Revolt of 1857.