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Which of the following are included in the Directive Principles of State Policy?

(a) Prohibition of trafficking of human beings and forced labour.

(b) Prohibition of the consumption except for medical purposes of intoxicating drinks and of other drugs which are injurious to health.

(c) Equality of Opportunity for all.


1.

(a) only


2. (b) only
3. Both (b) and (c)
4. All of these

1 Answer

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : (b) only

The correct answer is (b) only.

  • Articles 36-51 under Part-IV of the Indian Constitution deal with Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP).
  • They are borrowed from the Constitution of Ireland.
  • The Sapru Committee in 1945 suggested two categories of individual rights. One being justiciable and the other being non-justiciable rights.
  • The justiciable rights, as we know, are Fundamental rights, whereas the non-justiciable ones are the Directive Principles of State Policy.
  • There are various definitions to Directive Principles of State which are given below-
    • They are an ‘instrument of instructions’ which are enumerated in the Government of India Act, 1935.
    • They seek to establish economic and social democracy in the country.
    • DPSPs are ideals that are not legally enforceable by the courts for their violation.
  • Indian Constitution has not originally classified DPSPs but on the basis of their content and direction, they are usually classified into three types-
    • Socialistic Principles
    • Gandhian Principles
    • Liberal-Intellectual Principles
  • Article 47 of the DPSP deals with Prohibition of the consumption except for medical purposes of intoxicating drinks and of other drugs which are injurious to health.
  • Article 23 of the Fundamental Rights deals with the Prohibition of Traffic in human beings and forced labour.
  • Article 16 of the Fundamental Rights deals with equality of opportunity in matters of public employment and prevents the State from any sort of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence, or any of them.

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