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Who among the following leaders has introduced the "Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution" under which students and professionals were sent to work?
1. Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung)
2. Nelson Mandela
3. Winston Churchill
4. Mahatma Gandhi

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung)

The correct answer is Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung).

  • Mao Tse-tung (also spelled Zedong) was the principal Chinese Marxist theorist, soldier, and statesman who led his nation's Cultural Revolution.
  • Mao Tse-tung served as Chairman of the People's Republic of China from 1949 to 1959 and led the Chinese Communist Party from 1935 until his death.
  • Mao's "Great Leap Forward" and the Cultural Revolution were ill-conceived and had disastrous consequences, but many of his goals, including stressing China's self-reliance, were generally laudable.

Nelson Mandela

  • Nelson Mandela was the first President of South Africa.
  • He was the 11th President of the African National Congress.
  • He was the country's first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election.
  • He received Bharat Ratna in 1990 and Nobel Prize for Peace in 1993.

Winston Churchill

  • Winston Churchill was the former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • Churchill sent Sir Stafford Cripps to India with the fresh proposal of constitutional reforms in March 1942.
  • He received Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953.

Mahatma Gandhi 1869 -1948)

  • Gandhiji is known as the Father of our Nation.
  • He returned to India from South Africa on 9th January 1915 and celebrated it as Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (NRI Day).
  • The first satyagraha of Gandhiji is Chamapran Satyagraha (1917) also known as the first civil disobedience movement.
  • The first hunger strike of Gandhiji is Ahmedabad Mill Strike (1918).
  • The first non-cooperation movement of Gandhiji is Kheda Satyagraha (1918).
  • He was the president of the INC session in Belgaum (1924).
  • In 1931, Gandhiji participated in the Second Round Table Conference in London.
  • Gandhiji was assassinated on 30 January 1948 by Nathuram Godse and observed as 'Martyrs Day'.

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