Correct Answer - Option 1 : Polio
The correct answer is Polio.
Polio disease is caused by the virus.
Poliomyelitis, commonly shortened to polio, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus.
- In about 0.5 per cent of cases, it moves from the gut to affect the central nervous system and there is muscle weakness resulting in flaccid paralysis.
- This can occur over a few hours to a few days.
- Prevention: Polio vaccine
Ringworm, also known as dermatophytosis, dermatophyte infection, or tinea, is a fungal infection of the skin.
- Ringworm is a misnomer, since a fungus, not a worm, causes the infection.
- The lesion caused by this infection resembles a worm in the shape of a ring hence the name ringworm.
Plague is an infectious disease caused by Yersinia pestis bacteria, usually found in small mammals and their fleas.
- The disease is transmitted between animals via their fleas and, as it is a zoonotic bacterium, it can also transmit from animals to humans.
Cholera is an infectious disease that causes severe watery diarrhoea, which can lead to dehydration and even death if untreated.
- It is caused by eating food or drinking water contaminated with a bacterium called Vibrio Cholerae.