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Chinese traveller Xuan Zang visited Thanesar during the rule of
1. Akbar
2. Harshavardhana
3. Vishnuvardhana
4. Aurangazeb

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Harshavardhana

The correct answer is Harshavardhana.

  • Chinese traveler Xuan Zang visited Thanesar during the rule of Harshavardhana.
  • Xuanzang is a world-famous Asian traveler who is famous for his sixteen-year pilgrimage to India and career as a translator of Buddhist scriptures, is one of the most illustrious figures in the history of scholastic Chinese Buddhism.
  • He was born into a scholarly family at the outset of the Tang (T’ang) Dynasty, he enjoyed a classical Confucian education.
  • Under the influence of his elder brother, a Buddhist monk, he developed a keen interest in Buddhist subjects and soon became a monk himself at the age of thirteen.
  • Harshavardhana was born in 590 AD to King Prabhakaravardhana of Sthaneshvara (Thanesar, Haryana).
  • King Harshavardhana's deeds were praised by Chinese Buddhist traveler Xuanzang in his writings.
  • This led the 16-year old Harshavardhana to ascend the throne of Thanesar in 606 AD.
  • On acquiring Kannauj, Harsha united the two kingdoms of Thanesar and Kannauj.

Akbar

Akbar, born October 15, 1542, Umarkot (now in Sindh province, Pakistan) and the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India.

He reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent.

The Mughal-style Jami Masjid (Great Mosque) built under Akbar's reign in Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Vishnuvardhana

Vishnuvardhana was one of the greatest rulers of the Karnataka region and he was the king who really started to establish the Hoysalas as a separate independent dynasty.

Vishnuvardhana’s first conquest was Gangavadi, which he wrested from Chola control.

He himself became a devout Vaishnavite and built the beautiful Chennakesava Temple at Belur.

Aurangazeb

Aurangazeb born November 3, 1618, in Dhod, Malwa. He was emperor of India from 1658 to 1707, the last of the great Mughal emperors.

Under him, the Mughal Empire reached its greatest extent, although his policies helped lead to its dissolution.

Badshahi (Imperial) Mosque, one of Aurangzeb's architectural achievements, in Lahore, Pakistan.

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