Correct Answer - Option 1 : The President
The correct answer is President.
- The Supreme Court stands at the apex of the judicial system of the country.
Article 124 provides for the establishment and constitution of the Supreme court.
- Established as the Supreme court of India on 28th January 1950.
- Also known as the 'guardian of our Constitution.
- Also known as 'court of record'.
- The Chief Justice and other Judges of the Indian Supreme Court are appointed by the President
- The power to increase or decrease the number of judges of the supreme court rests with the Parliament.
- After the appointment of the new four justices on 18 September 2019, the strength of the Supreme court increases from 30 to 34.
- The chief justice of India is the head of the Supreme Court of India.
- The appointment of judges other than the chief justice, the chief justice of India shall always be consulted.
- The Judges of the Supreme Court can be removed only by the Parliament by the procedure established by Law.
- A judge of the Supreme Court or High Court can be removed only on the ground of proven misbehavior or incapacity.
- A motion containing the charges against the judge must be approved by a special majority in both Houses of Parliament.
- After the motion is passed by both the houses by a special majority, it will be sent to the President.
- Finally, the President gives his order of removal to the judge concerned.
- The Attorney General of India is the highest law officer in the country.
- The Attorney General of India is appointed by the President.
- The governor is the chief executive head of the state.
- Governor is appointed by the President.
- The Prime minister is the keystone of the Cabinet arch.
- The Prime minister is appointed by the President.