Correct Answer - Option 2 : Parsons
Vocational guidance is the process of assisting individuals to choose an occupation, prepare for it, and progress in it. In other words, it helps an individual to develop insight into what he wants to be in life, what he is best capable of doing, his abilities, interests, aptitudes and his limitations.
Vocational Guidance was started in 1907.
- It was founded by Frank Parsons as he created the first methodology of career guidance.
- He is known as the father of vocational guidance.
- In 1908, he began the Vocational Bureau of Boston, with a mission of aiding people to discover what careers were available.
- His theories were rooted in first improving working conditions, then focusing on the individual workers' needs.
Parsons' methodology focused on making people more in tune with their skills and interests, thus leading to the right fit for a career.
From the above, we can conclude that vocational guidance is first used by Parsons.