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Which of the following is a brackish water lake and shallow lagoon with estuarine character spread across the districts of Odisha? 
1. Chilika Lake
2. Pichola Lake
3. Wular Lake
4. Upper Lake 

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Chilika Lake

The Correct Answer is "Chilika Lake".

Chilika Lake :

  • Chilika Lake is a brackish water lake and a shallow lagoon with estuarine character spread across the districts of Puri, Khurda, and Ganjam in the state of Odisha in eastern India.
  • Fed by 52 rivers, the water spread area of Chilika varies between 900 to 1165 sq. km. during summers and monsoon respectively.
  • The pear-shaped lagoon is about 64.5 km. long and its width varies from 5 to 18 km.
  • It is connected to the Bay of Bengal by a 32 km long and 1.5 km wide channel that mostly runs parallel to the Bay separated by a narrow spit whose width varies between 100 m to several kilometers.
  • The lagoon can be broadly divided into four ecological sectors based on salinity and depth, namely the southern zone, the central zone, the northern zone, and the outer channel.
  • The list includes a number of rare, threatened, and endangered species including the Barakudia limbless skink.


Lake Pichola :

  • Lake Pichola, situated in Udaipur city in the Indian state of Rajasthan.
  • It is an artificial freshwater lake, created in the year 1362 AD, named after the nearby Picholi village.
  • Two islands, Jag Niwas and Jag Mandir are located within Pichola Lake and have been developed with several palaces to provide views of the lake.


Wular Lake :

  • Wular Lake is one of the largest freshwater lakes in Asia.
  • It is sited in the Bandipora district in Jammu and Kashmir, India.
  • The lake basin was formed as a result of tectonic activity and is fed by the Jhelum River.
  • The lake's size varies seasonally from 12 to 100 square miles (30 to 260 square kilometers).


Upper Lake :

  • Bhojtal, formerly known as Upper Lake.
  • It is a large lake that lies on the western side of the capital city of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal, India.
  • Bada Talab, along with the nearby Chhota Talab, meaning small lake in Hindi, constitute Bhoj Wetland, which is now a Ramsar site.

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