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On which river’s banks was Harappa situated?


1. Luni
2. Bhogava
3. Indus
4. Ravi

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Ravi

The correct answer is Ravi.

  • Harappa was situated on the banks of the river Ravi.
    • The Indus Valley civilization was discovered first in 1921 at the modern site of Harappa situated in the province of West Punjab in Pakistan.
    • The city lies on the banks of the river Ravi, a left-bank tributary of river Indus.
  • Harappan civilization is also known as Indus Valley Civilization for being situated on and around the banks of the Indus river.
  • It flourished around 2,500 BCE in the western part of South Asia, in contemporary Pakistan, western India, and parts of Afghanistan.
  • Hence, option 4 is correct.

  • Indus River:
    • The Indus River is one of the main rivers of the Indo-Gangetic Plain in the Indian subcontinent.
    • It flows through the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir and along the length of Pakistan to the Arabian Sea.
    • Originating in the Tibetan Plateau in the vicinity of Lake Manasarovar, the river runs a course through the Ladakh region of India towards Gilgit-Baltistan.
    • Then flows in a southerly direction along the entire length of Pakistan to merge into the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachi in Sindh.
  • Luni River:
    • Luni is the largest river in the Thar desert in northwest India.
      • It originates in the Pushkar valley of the Aravalli Range, near Ajmer.
      • It passes through the southeastern portion of the Thar Desert.
      • It ends in the marshy lands of Rann of Kutch in Gujarat, after traveling a distance of 495 km.
      • It serves as an essential source of irrigation water.
    • Luni is a major west-flowing river that originates from the western slopes of Naga hills, at an elevation of 772 m in the Ajmer district of Rajasthan.
  • Bhogwa River:
    • Bhogwa River is a river in Gujarat, India.
      • It is a major right tributary of the Sabarmati River.
    • The city of Surendranagar is on the banks of the Bhogavo.
    • Dholidhaja Dam is located on the river.

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