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According to psychologists, what are the two different types of motivation?
1. Imaginative and Objective Motivation
2. Happy and Sad Motivation
3. Initial and final motivation
4. Internal and external motivation

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Internal and external motivation
Motivation can be defined as a reason (or reasons) that leads an individual to act in a certain way. The phenomenon of motivation isn’t limited to just humans and occurs in every organism living. The reasons might not always be the same between two individuals acting in a certain way, but almost every action is directed by certain motivation.
 
Motivation can be further divided into two different types.
  • Intrinsic Motivation
  • Extrinsic Motivation
Both kinds of motivation take part equally in the day-to-day life of an individual, and there are basic similarities and differences between the two. 
The act of being motivated by internal factors to perform certain actions and behaviour is called Intrinsic Motivation.
Whenever an individual performs an action or behaviour because the individual is affected by external factors such as rewards or punishments, such a form of motivation is called Extrinsic Motivation.

Intrinsic Motivation-

  • An intrinsically motivated activity will always be rewarded due to the direct relationship between the activity and the goal. This secures a continuous motivation to do the activity.
  • Intrinsic motivation is internal. It occurs when people are compelled to do something out of pleasure, importance, or aspiration.
  • So, it does not require an external push, unlike extrinsic motivation which requires an external motivating factor. So intrinsic motivation is more beneficial. 

Extrinsic  Motivation-

  • When an activity is performed to accomplish the goal of an external reward, the person is said to be extrinsically motivated.
  • Extrinsic motivation occurs when external factors compel the person to do something.
  • This is motivation based on external rewards and has nothing to do with the activity directly. The Behaviourists' approach to motivation mainly focuses on the external rewards of reinforcement and punishment. 

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