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Sanchi is famous in the world for stupas, monolithic Asokan pillar, temples, monasteries and sculptural wealth. The stupas depict the incidents from the life of
1. Mahaveer
2. Sai Baba
3. Buddha
4. Gurunanak

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Buddha

The correct answer is Buddha.

  • Buddha

  • The Sanchi stupa is, of course, famous. Sanchi is unique in having the most perfect and well-preserved stupas, and Buddhist art and architecture pertaining to a period of about thirteen hundred years, from the third century BC to the twelfth century AD–almost covering the whole range of Buddhism
  • The foundation of the great religious establishment of Sanchi was probably laid by Ashoka (c. 273–236 BC) when he built a stupa and erected a monolithic pillar here.
  • It was enlarged to twice its original size, becoming a hemisphere of about 120 feet in diameter, in the 2nd century BC, under the Sungas.
  • Stone pillars depicting the life of Buddha are at Gaya, Sanchi, and Barhut.

  • Four-lion capital is adopted from the Sarnath.
  • Lion capital of Sarnath adopted as the National Emblem of India on 26th January 1950. 
  • Buddhism: Buddha’s Life
    • Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born in 563 BC, on the Vaishakha Purnima day at Lumbinivana in Kapilvastu in the Sakya Kshatriya clan.
    • At the age of 29, he renounced home, this was his Mahabhiniskramana.
    • At the age of 35, under a peepal tree at Uruvell (Bodh Gaya) on the bank of river Niranjana (modern name Falgu), he attained
      Nirvana.
    • Buddha delivered his first sermon at Sarnath (deer park) to his five disciples.
      • This is known as Dharmachaka Pravartana (turning of the wheel of law).
    • He died at the age of 80 in 483 BC at Kushinagar.
      •  This is known as Mahaparinirvana.

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