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Which of the following methods is/are used for covering the soil around plants with organic wastes?

1. Staking

2. Mulching

3. Pruning

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.


1. Only 1
2. Only 1 and 2
3. Only 3
4. Only 2

1 Answer

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Only 2

The correct answer is Only 2.

  • Mulching
    • A layer of organic matter like straw covers the bare ground between plants and helps to maintain soil moisture.

 

  • Some soil conservation methods  
    • Mulching
      • A layer of organic matter like straw covers the bare ground between plants and helps to maintain soil moisture.
    • Contour barriers
      • To create barriers along contours, stones, grass, the soil is being used.
      • Trenches are made to collect water in front of the barriers.
    • Rock dam
      • Rocks are stacked up to slow down water flow and also help to stop gullies and further erosion of soil.
    • Terrace farming
      • On the steep slopes, wide flat steps or terraces are designed so that flat surfaces are used for cultivation.
      • Thus minimizing surface run-off and soil erosion.
    • Intercropping
      • Various crops can be grown in alternating rows and are planted at varying times to protect the soil from rain washing.
    • Ploughing of contours
      • Ploughing parallel to the contours of a hill slope to create a natural obstacle for fluid to drain down the slope.
    • Shelterbelts
      • In the coastal and dry areas, rows of trees are cultivated to track the passage of air and preserve the cover of the soil.

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