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Which of the following characterizes/characterize the people of the Indus Civilization?

1. They possessed great palaces and temples.

2. They worshipped both male and female deities.

3. They employed horse-drawn chariots in warfare.

Select the correct statement/statements using the codes given below.


1. 1 and 2 only
2. 2 only
3. 1, 2 and 3
4. None of the statements given above is correct

1 Answer

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Best answer
Correct Answer - Option 2 : 2 only

The correct answer is 2 only.

  • No building has been discovered at any Harappan site that can be positively identified as a temple, but the Great Bath at Mohenjo-Daro may have been used for ritual purposes.
    • ​Hence statement 1 is not correct.
  • Figurines resembling a female deity have been found.
    • They suggest the worship of Mother Goddess.
    • A seal with a male figure sitting in a logical posture with a trident-like headgear, surrounded by animals, has been found.
    • This has a lot of similarities with Shiva.
      • From this, it is figured that the Harappans might be worshipping Shiva.
    • Clay figures of the Mother Goddess, worshipped by the people as a symbol of fertility, have been found.
    • A seated figure of a male god, carved on a small stone seal, has also been found.
    • The scene immediately brings to mind the traditional image of Pasupati Mahadeva.
    • In addition to these, we come across numerous symbols of the phallus and female sex organs made of stone, which may have been objects of worship.
    • ​Hence statement 2 is correct.
  • On the basis of the Indus seals, it can be said that a large number of animals including goats, buffaloes, oxen, elephants, dogs, and camels were domesticated.
    • Hence statement 3 is not correct.
  • Hence option 2 is correct.

​​ 

  • The history of India begins with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC), also known as the Harappan Civilization.
  • It flourished around 2,500 BC, in the western part of South Asia, in contemporary Pakistan and Western India.
  • The Indus Valley was home to the largest of the four ancient urban civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, and China.
  • In the 1920s, the Archaeological Department of India carried out excavations in the Indus valley wherein the ruins of the two old cities, viz. Mohenjodaro and Harappa were unearthed.
  • In 1924, John Marshall, Director-General of the ASI, announced the discovery of a new civilization in the Indus valley to the world.
  • But the Harappans seem not to have been familiar with the horse.

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