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At the time of Indian Independence _____ was the seventh and last Nizam in power?
1. Meer Nizam Ali
2. Meer Osman Alikhan
3. Meer Mehboob Alikhan
4. Nizam Afzal - ud - Daula Bahadur

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Meer Osman Alikhan

The Correct answer is Meer Osman Alikhan.

  • Mir Osman Ali Khan Asaf Jah (6 April 1886 – 24 February 1967), was the last Nizam (ruler) of the Princely State of Hyderabad, the largest princely state in British India.
  • He ascended the throne on 29 August 1911, at the age of 25 and ruled the Kingdom of Hyderabad between 1911 and 1948, until India annexed it
  • He was reputedly a benevolent ruler who patronised education, science, and development. During his 37-year rule, electricity was introduced, and railways, roads and airports were developed. He was known as the "Architect of modern Hyderabad" and is credited with establishing many public institutions in the city of Hyderabad, including among others: Osmania University, Osmania General Hospital, State Bank of Hyderabad, Begumpet Airport, and the Hyderabad High Court.
  • Two reservoirs, Osman Sagar and Himayat Sagar were built during his reign, to prevent another great flood in the city. He was also a philanthropist, donating to various educational and religious institutions across India and towards compiling the holy Mahabharata. Apart from his wealth, he was known for his eccentricities; he used to knit his own socks and borrow cigarettes from guests.
  • The Nizam originally wanted to join India, but after its independence in 1947, he did not wish to accede his state to the newly formed nation. By then, his power had weakened because of the Telangana movement and the rise of a radical militia known as the Razakars whom he could not put down.
  • In 1948, the Indian Army invaded and annexed Hyderabad State, and the Nizam had to surrender. Post-independence, he became the Rajpramukh of Hyderabad State between 1950 and 1956, after which the state was partitioned and became part of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra.

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